Image: Types of Electric Vehicles

What Type of Electric Vehicles Are There?

As the popularity of electric vehicles (EVs) continues to grow, there are several different types to choose from. Here's a brief overview of the most common EVs on the market.

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) are the most well-known type of EV. They run solely on electric power and do not have a gasoline engine. The energy comes from a rechargeable battery pack, and BEVs are considered zero-emission vehicles since they do not produce harmful emissions or pollution like gas-powered vehicles.

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) use both a gas-powered engine and an electric motor. They also use regenerative braking to recharge their batteries. This process captures energy that is usually lost during braking and repurposes it to help the gasoline engine during acceleration.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) are similar to HEVs, but they have larger batteries and can be plugged into the grid to recharge. They can run on electric power alone for several dozen miles before the gas engine takes over. Once the battery is depleted, the PHEV operates like a regular hybrid and can travel using gasoline power.